What are bunions?
A bunion is a bony bump on the side of the big toe joint. It forms when the big toe begins angling toward the second toe, rather than pointing straight ahead. It can be caused by years of wearing pointy-toed shoes, having flat feet, or just bad genetic luck. Seventy percent of women will develop a bunion in their lifetime.
Over time, the alignment of the bones gradually worsens, and the bunion bump grows. Some women never feel pain but most will experience varying degrees of aching, friction from their shoes, swelling, redness, inflammation, and, eventually, arthritis. This happens because the big toe joint absorbs much of the pressure from your weight when you walk.
You may be a candidate for bunion correction surgery if the bunion is interfering with your daily activities or walking, is causing you pain, or if you are experiencing chronic swelling and inflammation in your big toe.